Plagiarism is defined by the English Oxford Dictionary as;
“the act of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own “
The word is from the Latin plagiarius, which means kidnapping
The Merriam Webster online dictionary says that to “plagiarize” means; –
to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one’s own
to use (another’s production) without crediting the source
to commit literary theft
to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source
Plagiarism is fraudulent, and involves not only stealing someone else’s work, but also lying about it. To avoid plagiarism, it is important to attribute ideas to their source. It is fine to talk about a theory or principle and then add your own experiences to the theory to illustrate it.
Note that I have quoted the definition word for word, but credited it to the source. Also, note this comment on the site, which permits me to use the material in this way
In the interest of disseminating this information as widely as possible, plagiarism.org grants all reprint and usage requests without the need to obtain any further permission as long as the URL of the original article/information is cited.
Let’s have a look at when you need to reference your sources, and how to do it.
You can use footnotes, or reference within the text, or use a “works cited” section at the end of the document. Either way, it adds credibility to your work and shows how you are building it on a solid foundation
This is what plagiarism.org says on the subject.
When do I need to cite?
Whenever you borrow words or ideas, you need to acknowledge their source. The following situations almost always require citation:
whenever you use quotes
whenever you paraphrase
whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed
whenever you make specific reference to the work of another
whenever someone else’s work has been critical in developing your own ideas.
Because I have clearly referenced the source, you can visit the site to get further information if you wish, by clicking on the links provided
What is citation?
A “citation” is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again, including:
information about the author
the title of the work
the name and location of the company that published your copy of the source
the date your copy was published
the page numbers of the material you are borrowing